Traditionally this Shanghai casserole dish featuring oversized pork meatballs
and greens is made with pork fat and cooked in a sand clay pot. The large meatballs
are meant to represent a lion, and the shredded greens its mane.
1 pound bok choy, Peking cabbage (Napa cabbage), or spinach leaves
1 - 2 green onions (spring onions, scallions), minced
1 teaspoon minced ginger
1 large egg
1 pound ground pork
3/4 teaspoon salt
1 teaspoon granulated sugar
2 1/2 teaspoons pale dry sherry
3 tablespoons light soy sauce, divided
1/2 teaspoon Asian sesame oil
Black or white pepper, to taste, optional
2 - 3 tablespoons cornstarch or flour
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
1 1/2 cups chicken broth
Wash and drain the bok choy or other greens. Cut crosswise into 3 inch strips.
Mince the ginger and green onion.
In a small bowl, beat the egg with a fork. In a medium bowl, combine the ground
pork with the green onion, ginger, salt, sugar, dry sherry, 1 tablespoon soy sauce,
Asian sesame oil, pepper if using, and the egg, using your fingers to mix together
the ingredients thoroughly. Add as much cornstarch as needed to make so that the
mixture is not too wet. (I start with 2 tablespoons and then add 1 teaspoon at a
Form the ground pork into 4 large meatballs. Flatten them a bit so that they
are not completely round.
Heat 2 tablespoons oil in a skillet or wok on medium-high heat. When the oil
is hot, add the 4 meatballs. Cook for 5 minutes until browned on the bottom. Turn
and cook the other side (adjust the heat if the meatballs are cooking too quickly).
In a flameproof casserole dish or saucepan that is large enough to hold the meatballs,
heat the chicken broth and 2 tablespoons soy sauce to boiling.
Add the meatballs, reduce the heat and simmer, covered, for 10 minutes. Add the
bok choy. (You can arrange the bok choy on top of the meatballs so that it steams,
or lay some right in the broth if there is room). Simmer for another 15 minutes
or until the meatballs are cooked through and there is no pinkness in the middle.
To serve Lion's Head Meatballs, serve each meatball on a small plate surrounding
by the greens, or in soup bowls with some of the bok choy and broth. Some of the
broth may be thickened with a cornstarch and water thickener and poured over the