New England Clam Chowder
This old-fashioned authentic Cape Cod version of New England Clam Chowder is
a hearty dish for the dwellers of a harsh climate. The old recipe has been passed
down through generations without a nod to modern preferences for low-fat fare. As
such, if you're on a low fat diet, this dish may not be for you. But for a special
occasion, this original version will not be beat for flavor.
- 2 quarts Little Neck clams, steamed, liquor reserved
- 3-4 pounds potatoes, peeled
- 1/2 pound lean salt pork
- 3 large sweet onions, sliced
- 2 whole bay leaves
- 1 thick slice bacon (optional)
- 2-3 celery stalks with green tops
- 4 tablespoons fresh parsley, minced
- 2-3 green onions or 1 leek, finely chopped (optional)
- 1-2 pounds frozen sweet corn (as desired)
- 3 cloves garlic
- 1 pint cream
- 1 quart clam broth or water
- 1/2 gallon milk
- Pinch celery seed (optional)
- 3-4 tablespoons flour
- 1 stick (1/2 cup) butter
- 1 tablespoon olive oil
- Salt and pepper, to taste
- Paprika, to taste
- Thoroughly wash clams, scrubbing shells. If you're using freshly dug clams, sprinkle
the washed clams with corn meal the night before use, and refrigerate overnight
to allow the clams to be sand free.
- On the day the chowder is to be prepared, steam, clean and shuck enough clams
to have at least 2 quarts of clams (more is better!). Save the clam liquor (broth
created while steaming). Refrigerate the cooked clams in their liquor.
- Meanwhile, prepare the chowder base. Using a sharp knife, slice the salt pork
(pancetta can be substituted) into 1/8" inch dice (including rind).
- In a large stockpot, on the lowest heat setting, add salt pork to pan; add bacon
(also chopped). Cook over low heat for 15 minutes, allowing salt pork to render.
Remove from heat and allow to sit for another 15 minutes. Add olive oil and 1 tablespoon
of the butter (save remaining butter for later).
- Sauté thinly sliced celery (save green celery leaves for later), and sliced onion
in the rendered salt pork and bacon until onions take on color, adding minced garlic
during the final few minutes of browning. Add clam liquor or water, scraping browned
onion bits from bottom of pan. Add 2 whole bay leaves and a pinch of celery seed,
if desired. Add minced green onions or leeks. Simmer for 15 minutes.
- Wash, peel and cut the potatoes into one inch cubes. Add to the pot, bring to
a boil for 30 seconds, reduce heat to barely a simmer.
- Chowder may be thickened with a small amount of all purpose flour, Wondra flour,
or a few tablespoons corn starch stirred into a cup of cold broth. When adding thickeners,
be sure to allow at least 30 minutes of cooking time in order to prevent an uncooked
flour taste. More thickener can be added if you like a thicker chowder base; remember
that milk/cream are still to be added later, so add more than you think you'll need
- After 20-30 minutes, check potatoes to see if they are tender. When potatoes
are nearly done, add frozen corn. Be sure to use a good quality of frozen corn;
the sweeter varieties improve the overall flavor of the chowder.
- Stir in clams and strained clam liquor (be careful not to pour in the bottom
of the clam liquor which usually contains sand! Add milk and cream in the ratio
you desire; for a richer chowder, add more cream and less milk.
- Simmer for another 15 minutes and add remaining butter, minced parsley, chopped
green celery leaves and salt and pepper, to taste. Remove bay leaves (or simply
don't let them make it into a serving).
- When butter has melted and clams are heated through, serve in warmed bowls, sprinkled
with paprika and garnished with fresh parsley. Milk crackers are a traditional accompaniment.
To add additional flavor to this soup, especially when clam broth
is not available, use a few teaspoons of clam base, available at restaurant supply
Large chunks of white fish or lobster can be added during the last 20 minutes
in addition to (or as a substitute for) the clams, for a seafood chowder.
Have no clams or fish? Try a broccoli chowder variation, using chopped broccoli
as a substitute,