14 cloves garlic, peeled (8 for meat; 6 for sauce)
Salt to taste
12 dried California chiles
4 dried pasilla or poblano chiles
1 1/2 teaspoons cumin seeds
1 (8-ounce) bag dried corn husks or about 7 dozen corn husks
10 pounds (wet) corn masa for tortillas (buy fresh at your favorite tortilleria)
1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
3 cups lard, softened
Bring 8 cups water to a fast boil and add meat, onion, 8 cloves garlic and
salt to taste. Cook, covered, 1 1/2 hours, until meat is tender. Cool meat,
and then shred using a fork. Reserve 3 cups broth for masa mixture.
Remove seeds and cores from dried chiles. Place chiles in a large pot and
add enough water to cover chiles (about 6 cups). Cook over medium heat, uncovered,
about 15 minutes, until chiles are tender. Put drained chiles in a blender and
add 1 cup chile water, remaining 6 cloves garlic, cumin seeds and salt to taste.
Blend until smooth and then strain chile sauce to remove seeds and skins, if
necessary. (It is easier if you blend the chiles in 2 batches using 1/2 cup
chile water for each batch.)
Place shredded meat in a large pot and add chile sauce. Mix well and cook,
uncovered, 10 minutes. Taste and re-season, if needed.
Separate corn husks and remove the silk (do this carefully as dry corn husks
can crack). Rinse and soak clean corn husks in warm water for about 1/2 hour
or until soft. Drain off excess water (squeeze out carefully but do not twist)
and set husks aside.
Using a large bowl, combine masa, baking powder, 3 tablespoons salt, lard
and 3 cups reserved broth. Hand-knead mixture about 20 minutes, until everything
is combined and masa is smooth.
To assemble tamales, place a corn husk in palm of left hand (pointed tip
up, away from you) and using a wooden spoon or spatula, spread a thin layer
of masa mixture (about 2 tablespoons) on corn husk extending about 3/4 way up
husk. Turn the corn husk around with pointed side down, closest to you. Add
a tablespoon of meat mixture to middle of masa. Fold right side of corn husk
to middle of the tamale (making sure you cover the filling), then fold the left
side in the same way. Fold the pointed bottom end of the tamale up about 2 inches.
Leave top open (do not fold).
In a large deep pot, place a colander and stand the tamales with the open
ends up (wide side). Pour about 10 cups warm water into side of pot (to a depth
of 3 inches) with about 70 tamales. Cover tamales with leftover corn husks and
a damp kitchen towel. Cover pot with a tight-fitting lid.
Steam tamales at medium-low simmer about 2 to 2 1/2 hours, making sure to
add more water (it should be boiling; add two cups at a time) as needed (pot
should not boil dry). The tamales are ready when firm but not mushy masa peels
easily from corn husk.
Yield: about 6 dozen tamales
To make chicken tamales, substitute 6 pound boneless skinless chicken breasts
for pork and cook for 40 minutes or until chicken is tender. Proceed as directed