Ah, the perfect pie crust: golden brown top and bottom; flaky,
tender, and flavorful. Struggling to make the perfect pie crust? Is
your crust tough, stiff, burned, or soft on the bottom?
For a tender crust, use all-purpose or pastry flour. Higher-protein
flour (e.g., bread flour) will yield a tough crust.
For flakiest texture, use ice-cold fat. Work it into the dry ingredients
with a pastry blender, fork, or your fingers.
Don’t blend fat into flour thoroughly; leave some of it in larger, pea-
or marble-sized pieces. Chunks of fat will help create space between the
layers of pastry; these layers translate to flakiness in the baked crust.
Sprinkle 1 teaspoon cider or white vinegar over the flour mixture; this
will help relax the gluten, and promote a tender crust. Add ice water,
sprinkling it in a tablespoon at a time as you gently stir.
When the dough starts to come together, transfer it to a piece of
parchment. Squeeze it into a ball. If it holds together nicely, it’s ready.
If it seems dry and chunks break off, spritz with additional ice water.
Use the parchment to press the dough together until it’s cohesive. Fold
the dough over on itself three or four times to bring it together. This
folding process helps create layers, which translate into flakiness.
If you’re making a double-crust recipe, divide dough in half. To avoid
ragged edges as you roll, flatten each piece into a rough disk, then roll
like a wheel across a floured work surface, to smooth the edges.
What’s the easiest way to transfer rolled crust to a pie plate? Pick it
up with a giant spatula, and gently settle it into the plate. Never stretch
the crust; doing so will cause it to shrink as the pie bakes.
Here’s a simple way to make a fancy edge on your perfect pie. Using the
index finger of one hand, and the thumb and index of the other, crimp the
crust between your fingers, moving around the perimeter of the pie.
Pie Crust Tips
Cold ingredients produce the flakiest crust. Be sure
to use very cold fat. In warm weather, it helps to chill the flour ahead.
Cut the fat in until your mixture resembles small peas or gravel. The
more you incorporate the fat past that point, the less flaky your crust will
If you are making a double crust pie, it helps to have a little extra
dough for the bottom crust. Divide the dough in two, making one part
slightly larger than the other.
Pastry handles better when chilled than at room temperature - 30 to 40
minutes in the refrigerator before rolling is usually sufficient.
You can chill pastry in the refrigerator for longer than 40 minutes - up
to 2 or 3 days if it is wrapped well. If you do store it this long, let it
sit at room temperature for 5 or 10 minutes before rolling to allow the
dough to become more pliable.
Roll your pastry on a sheet of lightly floured wax paper. Invert the
pastry right over the pan, or filling, and peel the paper off.
You can patch tears in pastry by pinching or pressing it back together.
Large gaps can be patched with trimmings cut from the overhanging dough.
Don't stretch the pastry when you are lining a pie pan with the bottom
crust. Rather, ease the pastry into the pan, gently tucking it into the
For added luster, sparingly brush your top crust with cream just before
baking. In addition, you may sprinkle a large pinch or two of sugar over the
top for an extra bit of sweetness.