Yakitori - A Japanese dish of grilled skewered chicken. They
may also include vegetables, chicken livers, or ginkgo nuts. They are first marinated
in teriyaki sauce, a sweetened version of soy sauce with the addition of sake, honey
Yam - Sweet root vegetable similar in appearance to the sweet
potato, but with pointed ends and a subdued yellow-orange color; a darker variety
called yampee or cush-cush grows in the Southern United States and Mexico and produces
clusters of smaller, tastier yams; often candied; should be firm, unwithered and
unblemished when purchased. The true yam, also called name, is not the same as a
sweet potato (although since there are hundreds of species, some are similar). It
is very bland and, when cooked, very, very dry.
Yautia - [Spanish] sweet potato
Yeast - A living organism used in the production of bread and
beer. Yeast, in the environment of sugar, produces carbon dioxide and alcohol. This
process is called fermentation. Bread yeast comes in dry granulated and fresh cakes.
A new form of yeast, called instant yeast, has been developed which allows the user
to mix the yeast directly into the flour without dissolving it first in water.
Yema - [Spanish] yolk.
Yerba - [Spanish] herb.
Yerba buena - [Spanish] good herb; wild mint; cilantro is an
Yogurt - A thick, custard-like, mildly acid preparation. Usually
made by fermenting partly skim or skim milk with a special culture. Fruit of other
flavorings may be added. In the Middle East it is served as a sauce with meat, fruit
Yorkshire pudding - A baked batter of flour, milk and eggs,
commonly with the addition of meat juices.
Yuca - [Spanish] cassava; manioc; dark-skinned fleshy starchy
root of a tropical plant used in many Hispanic dishes; soft white flesh; cooked
and mashed for side dishes, sweetened and fried for desserts or cooked into soups
and stews to serve as a thickener; can also be thinly sliced and fried into chips;
it is the root from which tapioca is made.
Yucca - Plant native to Latin America and the Southwest; petals,
fruit and root can all be eaten; root is also used as a thickener for soups and